back to Cotton Fabrics
Cotton is a natural fiber that comes from the seedpod of the cotton plant and is used to make many fabric types. The fiber is hollow in the center and, under the microscope, resembles a twisted ribbon.
Cotton fiber has been cultivated for 7,000 years, and it seems to increase in popularity as modern technology blends it with other fibers and gives it special performance finishes.
Cotton can be knit or woven into cloth. The two most common weaves for cotton are the plain and twill weave. A plain weave produces fabrics like gingham, percale, chambray, and broadcloth. A twill weave is more durable and is found in denim, khaki, and gabardine. Satin weave is less common with cotton fibers because it’s a little dressier, but it is found in high-sheen cottons like sateen.
Cotton fabric is popular because it’s easy to care for and comfortable year-round. Cotton is easy to clean; it can be laundered or dry cleaned. It withstands high water temperatures, but is prone to shrinkage. Even with pre-washed fabrics, most cotton fabrics shrink during the first wash, so it’s imperative to prewash again before sewing. In the case of printed cottons, most manufacturers recommend dry cleaning to preserve the design of the fabric.
Housefabric.com carries a wide variety of cotton fabrics that are perfect for decorating uses including draperies, pillows, bedding, and upholstery.
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